Giclee pronounced ‘Zhee clay’ comes from the French word gicler, which means to spurt. It is an invented name by printmaker James Duganne in the 1990’s. Giclee is an art process by making fine art prints from an inkjet printer. Jack Duganne worked with Iris Proof Printers the first ink jet printers to produce fine art prints. The Iris printers are large format printers and were used for proofing and colour matching. They produced excellent colour accuracy and could print on arrange of mediums like canvas, varieties of papers, silk and linen and also had low ink costs. Once printed, the article was normal discarded and then mass printing would occur after checking the article produced by the Iris Printer was fit to do so. Fine art prints printed from these printers normally degrade and have non-longevity because the printers were made for proofing only and they also use dye inks. The company that manufactured the Iris printers tried to reinvent themselves and make printers that produced fine art prints that were durable but they failed has competition grew vast. The competition includes Colorspan, Epson, Canon, HP, Mimaki and Roland DGA.
Iris proofs as what artists called them for obvious reasons where not called giclee prints and some artists wanted to distinguish them from that. Giclee prints lasts for many years. Nash came up with another name called digigraph to distinguish them from industrial printing which was Iris printing. At present giclee now stands from prints printed by fade – resistant archival inks including solvent inks.
Ink jet printers use a CMYK process but have multiple cartridges for variations of each colour based on CcMmYK (cyan, light cyan, magenta, light magenta, yellow and key which is black). This increases resolution and colour gamut. The printers can use a variety of substrates and even produce fabulous prints on thick paper, card and board with beautiful fine art finishes. Epson printing technology has now increased the CcMmYK process by adding a light black and a light light black and also matte black for matte papers and fine art papers including canvas. This is to deplete bronzing and to create stunning black and white giclee prints.
For artist giclee printing is economical, affordable and they don’t need to produce larger runs of four colour offset prints. They can print on necessity and manipulate image files using software such as Adobe Photoshop, Corel, Ulead and ArcSoft Photo studio which can improve colour, size, resolution and tone. The disadvantages of giclee printing are that it can take a long time to print a print and sometimes can be expensive depending on what you’re printing and how big. For customers buying giclee art prints it can be beneficial with price depending if it’s a limited edition, original or the print has been mass printed. They can buy a print that matches their décor and of any size and on any substrate. They can even get the company their buying it from to change the colours of a print if they wish especially if it’s a bespoke giclee printing company. They can also get their own images or photos to canvas if they wish. The most important customer factor is it last a very long time up to 75 years and this depends on substrates used and model of the printer, epson printers are very good for this. They now use a new system where there are three blacks and these create stunning black and white prints.
Buying and collecting art intelligently can be done by anyone. That’s right, anyone. You do not need to have experience in collecting art, previous knowledge about the art business, or even a degree in art history. The truth is, all you’ll need is love for and appreciation of fine art; plus a yearning to collect; lastly, willingness to learn a some simple techniques that would help you evaluate any kind of art work coming from any period of history, whomever the artist is and whatever his or her nationality is.
Although you might read some specific suggestions and recommendations describing specific works of art, you should take note that there is really no right or wrong kind of art and that there’s no right or wrong method to collect or buy art.
Everyone has the freedom to collect whatever it is that they feel like collecting and buy whatever pieces they feel like buying. It doesn’t really matter whenever and wherever you feel like purchasing art, for whatever reason, and for how much you feel like spending on the purchase. As a result, the following tips are not for everyone, but are typically designed for those who want to spend their money wisely on worth it pieces.
If you happen to be one of those people, then here are some tips on how you can be a better art collector.
Four Way Questions On Buying Art
If the time comes that you see a piece that you want, whether it be a painting, sculpture or a print, there are generally four questions that you should ask yourself to start your decision making.
1. Who’s The Artist?
To answer this, you have 2 reliable sources: spoken and written information. Spoken info usually comes from the artist himself, gallery exhibiting the piece or the dealer. It can also com from other collectors, friends, family, and other people that are familiar about the art or the artist being considered. On the other hand, written info could come in a number of forms like artist career resumes, gallery exhibit catalogues, art reference books and exhibition reviews.
2. How Important Is It?
This could be answered by simply looking at as many possible pieces done by the artist. Try to be familiar with the range of the artists’ art and see where that particular piece falls. You can start by asking the seller to show you a number of pieces done by the artist, whether original, in print, or in photographs. Also try to see works from all periods of the artist’s career; doing this can teach you a lot about the artwork and the artist at hand.
3. Where Has It Been?
Third, it’s also important to know where that particular piece of art has been. This is done by accumulating all incidental information about the piece. It’s similar to making a biography of the piece, from its birth, which is the artists’ completion of it, up until the present day.
This can be helpful since good provenance and documentation can increase an artwork’s desirability, collectability, and market value. Having a good provenance in the art world is analogous to having good pedigree in the pet world. For example, if a painting was exhibited at a notable and important art show, then it is more collectible than a similar painting that wasn’t; just the same with awards and prizes.
4. Is The Price Fair?
For this question, it doesn’t really matter what the piece’s value may be in the future, since nobody can really answer that. What you should want to know is whether the piece is fairly priced today or not. This is a very important question, because just like other services or goods, art can sometimes come overpriced.
Kazimir Malevich was an art theoretician and designer is considered to be one of the 20th century’s most influential artists. He is regarded as the originator of Suprematism – a Russian abstract art movement that was characterized by the use of just a small number of colours and a few fundamental geometric shapes. Suprematism focused on pure form and its spiritual qualities. Malevich was one of the Russian avant-garde movement’s most prominent members. He was also a pioneer of geometric abstract art.
Kazimir Severinovich Malevich was born near Kiev of Polish parents on the 11th of February 1878 and was the eldest of fourteen children. Malevich’s father was an expert in sugar beet processing machinery. The family had to move frequently as sugar beet processing plants were generally built far away from big cities. Malevich’s formal education was only rudimentary. At the age of fifteen he got his first paints and started painting. He took up studies at the Kiev School of Art in 1895.
While living in Kursk Malevich painted his earliest landscapes. In 1903 he joined the Moscow Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. The early years of Malevich’s career were characterized by his participation in various avant-garde exhibitions. At the Donkey’s Tail exhibition in 1912, he exhibited his Primitivist depictions of peasants.
It was in 1913 that Malevich began painting in the abstract art style which he named Suprematism, making abstract geometric patterns in the process. That same year, he had created the first ever suprematist painting – ‘Black Square on White’ which in his words conveyed “the supremacy of pure feeling in creative art”. Only two years earlier, he had painted ‘Morning in the Country’ in a cubic abstract art style with cylindrical shapes of peasants being a prominent part of this painting.
1913 was also the year when Malevich was swayed by the way Mikhail Larionov interpreted futurism, an important abstract art movement, resulting in works such as ‘Woodcutter’, ‘Peasant Woman with Buckets’, and ‘Morning after a Snowstorm in a Village’. These works incorporated shapes that looked as though they were enveloped in metal. Malevich designed the costumes and sets of the first Futurist opera – Victory over the Sun. At an exhibition held in 1915 in Petrograd, Malevich exhibited his geometric non-objective Suprematist paintings. After a sequence of White on White paintings in 1918, Malevich practically withdrew from abstract art painting and devoted more time to teaching and writing. He also created three-dimensional models that played a significant role in the development of Constructivism.
The year 1919 saw Malevich investigating how Suprematism could be applied in a three-dimensional way in architectural models. In 1922 he went to Leningrad where he was to remain for the final years of his life. He was given a solo exhibition in Moscow in 1929 in the Tretiakov gallery. Malevich used the representational painting style in the works he created during his last period. He passed away on May 15, 1935, a victim of cancer. The coffin he was buried in was one which Malevich himself had adorned with suprematist patterns.
We are happy to team up with South African CityMob and offer our prints in a completely new market for us….they like celebrities too…right?
We are very existed to add new category to our collection celebrating Racing Automotive art.